POPE is a multinational, multicentre, prospective, observational, non-interventional registry of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Central and Eastern Europe. The aim of the POPE study is to assess the distribution of patients with COPD in clinical practice within the CEE region according to disease severity, disease category, and phenotypes. The study was initiated as the pilot cooperation of COPD PLATFORM in the CEE region and 11 countries from Central and Eastern Europe have been involved in the project.
 

Instruction manual for FFMI and MAMC skinfold measurement

This material was created in cooperation of Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Hradec Králové, and Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses, Masaryk University, Czech Republic. It is also available for download and print as a one-page PDF (1,4 MB).

Note: This measurement is not part of POPE-Study and it is just an additional information as a matter of interest.

 

Prior to skinfold measurement, it is necessary to educate the patient on the procedure.


A view of the calibrated caliper (made in Czech Republic)

How to hold the caliper

Skinfold measurement above the biceps muscle, at midline of the dominant arm (the right biceps of a right handed patient, the left biceps of a left handed patient). Three measurements are carried out and recorded into the patient protocol.

Skinfold measurement at midline of the triceps muscle of the dominant arm (three measurements recorded into the patient protocol)

Subscapular skinfold measurement of the dominant side (three measurements recorded into the patient protocol)

Suprailiac skinfold measurement on the dominant side (three measurements recorded into the patient protocol)

Skinfold measurement at midline of the triceps muscle of the non-dominant arm (three measurements recorded into the patient protocol).

Measurement of the circumference of the upper non-dominant arm (one measurement)

Verified age, sex, weight and height are necessary for the FFMI and MAMC calculation. The data for patients enrolled in the COPD research database are entered into individual anonymous files. A free, online FFMI and MAMC calculator may be used for patients outside of the study. Note: Men have a tendency to overestimate their height and women underestimate their weight; therefore, patients should be weighed and measured on site.

Post-bronchodilator lung function tests are a part of the study protocol for patients enrolled in the COPD research database.

Authors: Vladimír Koblížek, Barbora Novotná, Miloslav Hronek, Miroslav Kovařík, Jakub Gregor, Karel Hejduk